104 lokale anbefaler,
Tips fra lokale
By Metro or train you can reach Ostia Antica, another amazing mini trip out of the City and close to the beach.
The ancient city of Ostia, founded in the fourth century BC, settled in the territory. as a military camp. It developed during the Roman imperial age as a port commercial center, linked to the supply of grain in the capital. Due to the inadequacy of the river port in 42 AD. Claudio began the construction of an artificial port to the north, connected to the Tiber by an artificial canal and equipped with a lighthouse; a second hexagonal port was built between 106 and 113 under Trajan, the remains were in the private property of the Sforza Cesarini Dukes. At the time of its maximum development Ostia reached 75,000 inhabitants, it declined with the crisis of the third century. It revived in the fourth century as a residential location, while commercial and administrative activities had moved to the city of Porto. Already from the third century it was an episcopal seat. The aqueduct ceased to function at the end of the 5th century. In 537, during a siege of the Goths, it was defended by the Byzantine general Belisarius. The city, however, had fallen into decline and depopulated. It remained the gateway to Rome from the Tiber, along which pilgrims, merchants and delegations arrived by sea went up. In the 9th century it was sacked by the Saracens. Pope Gregory IV then fortified the village built to give refuge to the workers of the salt mines along the Via Ostiense, which took the name of Gregoriopoli, and the ancient city was definitively abandoned. At the end of the fifteenth century the bishop Giuliano della Rovere, who later became pope with the name of Julius II, had the castle that took his name built, completed the construction of the basilica of Sant'Aurea, begun shortly before by Cardinal Guillaume d'Estouteville on the site of the tomb of Santa Monica and near the tomb of Santa Aurea, and redo the walls. According to Vasari, the architect of this restructuring was Baccio Pontelli. The structure maintained its defensive function until 1557, when an extraordinary flood diverted the course of the Tiber, leaving the moat around the wall dry as well. The castle, which had been the seat of customs and duties, lost its function and fell into disrepair: it was used as a stable and warehouse by farmers and shepherds of the area, now swamped, while the tower was used as a prison. In the nineteenth century the prisoners were used for the excavation of the Roman city. The fortress and the village were restored in various stages during the twentieth century. The archaeological area of Ostia Antica, between viale dei Romagnoli, via di Tor Boacciana and the Tiber river. Roman city of the 7th century BC Here are preserved the remains of part of the ancient city, excavated during the nineteenth and especially the twentieth century. Together with the public monuments, numerous private buildings have been preserved (residential houses, production facilities, headquarters of associations), which allow you to relive everyday life as it was in antiquity.
The ancient city of Ostia, founded in the fourth century BC, settled in the territory. as a military camp. It developed during the Roman imperial age as a port commercial center, linked to the supply of grain in the capital. Due to the inadequacy of the river port in 42 AD. Claudio began the constru…